1906 – Charles F. Whittlesey with Otto H. Neher
1938 – Claud Beelman, alteration
Demolished in 1985
427 West Fifth Street – map
At a cost of $60,000, the three-story wooden Hazard’s Pavilion opened with the Flower Festival of 1887. The big barn was named for Henry T. Hazard, soon to be mayor of Los Angeles, and had most recently been the site of a cattle corral used by Platt’s Dairy.
Hazard’s was sort of a town hall where about anything could go on, and usually did. Upon the pavilion’s demolition in the late spring of 1905, the Los Angeles Times looked back wistfully on the barn’s events, which included “citrus fairs, flower festivals, political conventions, temperance rallies, revival meetings, poultry, dog and Belgian hare shows, cake walks, sparring exhibitions, mass meetings and educational gatherings”.
“One week’s menu could show a Salvation Army meeting, a pugilistic contest, a Methodist bazaar, a Shriner’s drill and banquet, a night of club minstrelsy and a masquerade ball…”
Enrico Caruso, President Benjamin Harrison, Booker T. Washington, William Jennings Bryan, Carrie Nation, and Thomas Nast all spoke at Hazards’ Pavilion.
Wait. As much as I’d like this post to be about Hazard’s Pavilion, the designated landmark is the succeeding Philharmonic Auditorium. Onward.
In May of 1905, the Temple Auditorium Company adopted the Spanish Renaissance/Moorish Revival design by Charles F. Whittlesey and Otto H. Neher (Whittlesey next pops up on the HCM list at No. 286, the Mayflower Hotel, Neher at No. 396 with the Federal Bank Building). The six-story building, funded by the Temple Baptist Church and some neighborhood businessmen, would be the first large reinforced concrete structure in Los Angeles and the biggest theatre west of Chicago. It would also be recognized as the first large space to have a balcony without supporting columns.
That black fuzz in the middle of the right side was Central Park, now Pershing Square. The picture was taken, by my best estimate, on 3/28/06, give or take a day.
Prior to construction of the building, an L.A. Times article reported the approximated cost would be $350,000. There would be retail space on the Fifth Street side, a basement with a 1,000-seat banquet hall, and two halls on second floor, “Choral Hall” and “Berean Hall”, each with a seating capacity of 950. The floors above these halls would house 118 offices or studios. Finally, the plan was to have the main auditorium seat 5,000.
Moving from its frame church building at Sixth and Hill Streets, Temple Baptist Church was formally installed in the building with a dedication on November 11, 1906. The pastor was Rev. Robert J. Burdette. Just before the dedication, Burdette said, “But for our activities in seeking a permanent church home, the old Hazard Pavilion, with its reminiscence of prize fights and its aroma of chicken shows would, in all probability, still stand on the spot where we are now gathered.”
The one-year-old Los Angeles Philharmonic moved from its home at Trinity Auditorium to the Fifth and Olive building in 1920. Artur Rodzinski was the conductor. I hope the orchestra played to more than the three theatre-goers in the picture below.
In March of 1938, just a few years after a $50,000 improvement to the auditorium, C.H. Brain, general manager of the Auditorium Company, Inc., controllers of the site, announced the 22-year-old building had become outmoded, necessitating a $200,000 redesign by architect Claud Beelman (Beelman's all over the list of L.A. landmarks). The mansard roof was removed and the top story(s) extended. The auditorium’s main entrance was moved to the Olive Street side of the now Moderne building.
Twenty-eight years later, the opening of the Music Center would render the Philharmonic Auditorium obsolete. The auditorium saw its last performance by the L.A. Philharmonic during a matinee on April 10, 1964. While religious services continued there for another fourteen years (during which time it was known as the Temple Baptist Church), the building was finally razed in the early April, 1985.
It doesn’t seem there was a large outcry to save the nearly 80-year-old structure. The plan, twenty-two years ago, was to build a 35-story hotel and office building complex.
Research into the Philharmonic Auditorium has turned up what is now one of my favorite quotes – ever. It comes from Dan Swartz, the president of the development company responsible for tearing down the city landmark. When an interviewer countered Swartz’s claim in 1985 that the theatre’s acoustics hadn’t been so great, Swartz replied, “Well, I guess acoustics are in the eye of the beholder.”
Take that, Yogi!
Oh. The Philharmonic Auditorium also served as home to the Los Angeles Light Opera Company for 27 seasons.
Well, the site’s still a parking lot. However, if you have an eye for subtlety, you’ll notice there are plans for an 850-foot “ultimate urban residence in the sky” on the lot. The “tallest residential tower west of Chicago and among the ten tallest in the world”, in fact. Fine. I hope someday to check out the view from the top. Unfortunately, that billboard guy with the shades and cell phone probably wants to hang out with me as little as I do with him.
“Design for Great Convention Hall, Work to Begin the Fifth of June.” Los Angeles Times; May 21, 1905, p.V16
“Famous Pile to be Razed” Los Angeles Times; Jun 4, 1905, p. II2
“Up Goes Big Auditorium.” Los Angeles Times; Jul 27, 1905, p. II1
“Dedicate in Praise their Temple Home.” Los Angeles Times; Nov 12, 1906, p. I5
Charles C. Cohan “Notable New Project Told” Los Angeles Times; Mar 27, 1938, p. E1
Jerry Belcher “Wreckers’ Ball Brings Down Final Curtain at Auditorium” Los Angeles Times; Apr 5, 1985, p. C1
The black and white pictures are from the Los Angeles Public Library photo collection.
Up next: Judson Studios