Monday, December 31, 2007

No. 100 - General Douglas MacArthur Park

MacArthur Park

General Douglas MacArthur Park
1880s
Area enclosed by Sixth, Seventh, Alvarado, and Park View Streets – map
Declared: 5/1/72

Back at the end of the Civil War, the city of Los Angeles failed to auction off a plot of more than thirty acres westward of the city limits at even twenty-five cents an acre. Too swampy and too far out of town it was, a community dump known locally as the Dead Sea.

Westlake Park, Los Angeles
One of the earliest pictures of Westlake Park, from around 1892.

More than twenty years later, in 1887, a group of citizens in the area lobbied the city and Mayor William Workman to transfer the land into a public park. By this time, there were plans to run a streetcar line out to the southeast corner of the lot to service the growing development in the area, like in the new Bonnie Brae tract.

MacArthur Park

Referring to it as “the Southwest Park”, a Los Angeles Times article from April 18, 1887 reported
Residents of the southwestern quarter of the city are moving in the matter of securing an appropriation from the city for the improvement of their park. The land reserved for the purpose comprises thirty-five acres, lying north of Seventh and west of Alvarado streets. There is an unsightly gully running through it, which the intention is to make an artificial lake or pond covering about fifteen acres. For this the city has available water, and the expense of turning it in need not be inordinate. For the rest, the park grounds surrounding the proposed lake are a series of rolling hills, having naturally a rich friable [friable adj easily reduced to tiny particles - ed.] soil, and these, under the gardener’s hand, might be rendered very delightful.
MacArthur Park

Development of the land kicked into high gear in 1889 when a group of West Side citizens rallied to begin assessing local property owners five dollars per lot to put toward the park’s improvement. The city agreed to match the funds. It was also in that year L.A.’s brand new Parks Commission undertook the construction of the lake and boathouse for swimming and boating and a bandstand for afternoon concerts.

The space became Westlake Park (Westlake’s sister, Eastlake Park in East L.A., became Lincoln Park in 1917).

Westlake Park, Los Angeles
Circa 1908.

MacArthur Park, Los Angeles

By the early 1930s, Wilshire Boulevard, ending at the west side of the park, had been developed as the fashionable “Fifth Avenue of the West”. In 1934 Westlake Park was bisected with a viaduct in order to connect Wilshire with Orange Street on the eastside of the park. Orange was widened and renamed Wilshire. The northern half of the lake, to the left in the picture above, was later drained.

MacArthur monument, MacArthur Park

With the U.S. entering World War II just six months earlier, Los Angeles honored the army’s top dog by renaming Westlake Park Gen. Douglas MacArthur Park in May 1942. A 1955 park monument (above) by Roger Noble Burnham has Mac overlooking shapes representing the Philippine Islands where he served as Allied commander.

Band Shell, MacArthur Park

Above’s the Levitt Pavilion for the Performing Arts. The Friends of the Levitt Pavillion – MacArthur Park produces an annual summer concert season featuring dozens of performances.

Below is Nina Saemundsson’s “Prometheus”, dedicated in April 1935.

"Prometheus", MacArthur Park

MacArthur Park

Here’s a blocky 1976 monument dedicated to Carlos III of Spain, supporter of the colonies in the American Revolution. The losing side never gets a monument.

King Carlos III Monument, MacArthur Park

MacArthur Park

Below is a pair of tiled pyramids made by Judy Simonian with tile by German Rogerio in 1985. The two pyramids are connected with a speaking tube.

Tile Pyramids, MacArthur Park

George Herms created "Clock: Monument to the Unknown", below, in 1987 to represent the passage of time.

Clock: A Monument to the Unknown, MacArthur Park

MacArthur Park

General Otis Statue, MacArthur Park
Artist Paul Troubetskoy created in 1920 this statuary tribute to General Harrison Gray Otis. There originally was a third statue – that of a soldier – but he disappeared after apparently being hit by a car. It’s said to be in storage at the Otis Art Institute.

General Harrison Gray Otis Statue
"The Elks' Club is thataway."

MacArthur Park

The lake in MacArthur Park has been drained a few times over the years, most notably for construction of the Metro’s Red Line. And while it appears that the park’s worst times are behind it, extremely unfortunate incidents still occur there, in the past year most notably this and this.

Boathouse, MacArthur Park

MacArthur Park

The black and white shots in this post are from USC’s Digital Archives site. Thanks, USC.

MacArthur Park

Sources:

“The Southwest Park.” Los Angeles Times; Apr 18, 1887, p. 1

“To Improve Westlake Park.” Los Angeles Times; Mar 10, 1889, p. 2

“Westlake Park.” Los Angeles Times; May 12, 1889, p. 3

Ralph Hancock. Fabulous Boulevard. Funk & Wagnalls Company 1949 New York


Up next: Union Station Terminal and Landscaped Grounds

14 comments:

gc said...

I've never seen the park look so lovely. Kudos for getting photos on one of the few smogless days in LA.

Darrell Clarke said...

Congratulations on reaching your first 100, Floyd!

Thanks for doing these, and I look forward to many more.

Floyd B. Bariscale said...

Thanks a ton for the comments, gc and Darrell. I'm still behind from the holidays but hoping to catch up soon.

Christy in Cali said...

Ditto what GC & Darrell said.

Thank you for all your hard work in documenting a city that all too often seems intent on forgetting its wonderful past.

Floyd B. Bariscale said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Floyd B. Bariscale said...

Thanks, Christy in Cali. Unfortunately, I often think it's more a case of never even knowing than it is forgetting.

Anne said...

I visited MacArthur Park a few days ago, and the statue of Prometheus is missing the staff in his right hand. I also had to pull away overgrown vines just to read the plaque at the base of the statue. What sadness! I'm not usually civic-minded, but I'm thinking about a visit to a City Council meeting, just to suggest that we not let what heritage exists in LA to rot away.

Floyd B. Bariscale said...

Sorry to hear that, Anne. We'll have to wait and see if the proposed fixing up of the Westlake Theatre across the street will help turn the tide in the park. (But I guess we have to first see that rehab happen.)

Robert J. Reed said...

Hello Floyd -- When I was a kid, my folks took me to this place where there were little motor boats back then like those at Disneyland (without the track). I remember driving those boats and feeding the ducks. It was a great day and memory. The other thing I think of about this park is the novel “The Choir Boys.” It was a suggested reading to me by a friend in 1978. I asked what it was about, and when told, I didn’t think I’d enjoy it. But I was wrong, it is a terrific novel (though the movie was horrible), and I‘d recommend it. Should you read the story, you‘ll find the connection to MacArthur Park -- Robert Reed

Floyd B. Bariscale said...

The Choirboys, Joseph Wambaugh's best book?

Anonymous said...

I use to come here on weekends with my father in the early 1960's. I remember the neat boathouse & going out on the lake. Their were many political groups & people debating each other. I will never forget the elderly lady who had a short beard riding her bike I use to see there.

Pasadena Adjacent said...

They've discovered you on Face Book. Come back, opportunity knocks

Elizabeth said...

Hi Floyd-I'm doing a bit of online research and have been finding contradictory info about MacArthur Park. If you have time, I would love to hear your thoughts about this link: https://ciclavia.wordpress.com/2010/09/03/what-macarthur-parks-history-tells-us-about-ciclavia/

Also, wikipedia says that before Westlake Park existed, it was part of a chain of drinking water reservoirs. I guess I need to simply to the library, but I'm surprised that the information about the park is so different!

Santiago said...

I love getting a Langer's pastrami with Russian dressing & eating it at the park. No comment about me washing it down with a brown paper bag beverage